WESTERN STAR Truck Service Manuals PDF

History of Western Star Trucks

  The Daimler concern recently announced the delivery of the anniversary Western Star truck number 200000. Today, this brand, which is part of the corporation, is far from being the main one in the palette of Daimler brands, but its history is very bizarre.


Back in 1967, the White concern was one of the leaders in the American freight market, and the young Freightliner brand then also belonged to him. And specifically for the western states, where their own weight standards were in effect, a lightweight model of White road tractors was developed under the name Western Star. It was distinguished by the wide use of aluminum in its construction: the frame, cab, tanks, bumper, wheels and other parts were made of winged metal, and the hood was completely made of fiberglass that was fashionable at that time.


The tractor was made in the classic style even then: a large hood, chrome and leather trim, a separate sleeping bag behind the cab. The units were also like the others - 350-horsepower Caterpillar diesels and 10- or 13-speed non-synchronized gearboxes.

However, in the following years, White began to fade away - and in 1981 was sold to the Swedish company Volvo. The Canadian branch, left without maternal support, existed for some time, but went bankrupt three years later. The company continued its life as an independent manufacturer under the name of Western Star with the only model of the 4800/4900 series (4x2 and 6x4) with a gross weight of 21-28 tons.


An important event for the brand occurred in 1990: Australian Terry Peabody bought Western Star. Starting next year, cooperation with the Dutch from DAF began. Temporary solutions appeared, such as the 1000 series cabover with a Dutch cab, which did not receive recognition. But the new Constellation series, which was distinguished by streamlined plumage, went into the series. Vehicles with a gross weight of 23.4-35.5 tons were equipped with Caterpillar, Cummins or Detroit Diesel engines with power from 260 to 550 hp, Fuller or Spicer gearboxes, Rockwell or Hendrickson drive axles. Short and elongated sleeping compartments were offered to choose from, and more comfortable “apartments” under the names Phantom and Galaxy were available on request. A branch was opened in Australia, and this market became the second for the brand after the American one.

However, the Australian businessman did not pull the company - and in 1997 he sold Western to the English company ERF. In addition to another unsuccessful attempt to produce their cabovers with the Western Star emblem, the British did not mark anything. In 2000, the Western Star briefly came under the control of MAN, but was quickly resold to Freightliner, completing the circle of history.


  At first there was a feeling that the new owner did not understand what to do with the acquisition. Rookie production was transferred to a common plant in Portland, where the Western Star was assembled mixed with heavy Freds. Headquarters moved to Redford, Michigan, Canadian factories closed. There were still only two models in the program: the road 4900 and the heavy off-road 6900.

However, later it turned out that the corporation has big plans for the development of the brand. In addition to the existing ones, the "younger" model 4700 appeared in 2012. It is designed for widespread use on short-range routes. It is produced in the form of tractors and singles with wheel formulas 4x2, 4x4, 6x4 and 6x6. It is equipped "in the base" with the owner's DD13 diesel engine, and alternatively with Cummins L9 diesel engines or the latest X12. There are a lot of options for gearboxes - for every taste. Here are the usual “mechanics”, and the “robots” of Detroit and Eaton Fuller, and the full-fledged “machines” of Allison of various series. The anniversary sale fell on the car of this particular series.

And in 2015, the latest “long-range” Western Star 5700 series was launched. In terms of filling, it is no different from the classic models, only the exterior and interior have been radically redesigned. Yielding in number to their brothers in the concern, these tractors are not uncommon on native highways.



It is also noteworthy that  sold the first 100 thousand cars in 39 years of its existence and the same number - in just fourteen, already under the new owner.